Aliases & Catalogs
To avoid remembering long paths and to enable easy launch of jbang scripts there is an
to setup and manage aliases to actual scripts.
jbang alias add --name hello https://github.com/jbangdev/jbang-examples/blob/HEAD/examples/helloworld.java
will add an alias named
hello pointing to that github url which then can be run using
jbang alias list
will show you all the aliases that are defined locally.
The aliases you create are stored locally (see Local Alias Catalogs), but JBang can also use remote catalogs. You can access those catalogs explicitly (see Catalogs) but it is much easier to use what we call "implicit catalogs", which are aliases that have a special format and JBang is smart enough to know where to find their definition.
There are two kinds, one that resolves to a Git backed service (github,gitlab and bitbucket) and one that resolves to https sites.
jbang hello@jbangdev will run the alias
hello as defined in
jbang-catalog.json found in https://github.com/jbangdev/jbang-catalog.
This allows anyone to provide a set of jbang scripts defined in their website or in a github, gitlab or bitbucket repositories.
The full format is
<alias>@<hostname>(/path/to/catalog) allowing you to do things like:
JBang will also look in the current directory for a
jbang-catalog.json file and if it exists it will look up any aliases
in there too. In fact it will look in several places in the following order:
In the parent directory,
In the parent’s
And repeating steps 3 and 4 recursively upwards to the root of the file system
As the last step it will look in
JBang will use any aliases defined in those files, but on top of that it will also look at the aliases defined in any catalogs mentioned in those files as well. Aliases defined in the file have preference over aliases found in any catalogs defined in the same file.
When you create aliases using
jbang alias add, or add catalogs using
jbang catalog add the same ordering will be used
to determine where to store the alias or catalog. Btw, this will only take into account existing files!
So if no
jbang-catalog.json file exists in the local directory it will not be created for you, but JBang will keep
looking until it finds a file to use (as a last option it will always be written to
This means that if you want to write the alias to
jbang-catalog.json in your local folder you will either have to create
the file first (eg by running
touch jbang-catalog.json) or by explicitly specifying the file location:
jbang alias add -f jbang-catalog.json hello https://github.com/jbangdev/jbang-examples/blob/HEAD/examples/helloworld.java
Btw, the flag
--show-origin is very useful when listing aliases to find out where exactly an alias is defined:
jbang alias list --show-origin
Catalogs are lists of Aliases as defined in the previous section, but while the
alias command is used to manage aliases
within a catalog, the
catalog command is for managing references to catalogs. This is mostly useful when dealing with
remote catalogs. You can for example add a catalog like this:
jbang catalog add --name demo https://github.com/jbangdev/jbang-catalog/blob/HEAD/jbang-catalog.json
or simply by using the same "implicit" catalog system described in Implicit Alias Catalogs:
jbang catalog add --name demo jbangdev
The aliases in that catalog are now available by adding
@demo to their names. For example:
$ jbang alias list demo env@demo = Dump table of Environment Variables gavsearch@demo = Search search.maven.org for maven artifacts. hello@demo = Script that says hello back for each argument properties@demo = Dump table of System properties $ jbang run hello@demo World! [jbang] Building jar... Hello World!
In fact, it’s possible to run the alias just by using
jbang run hello, the
@demo part is only necessary when trying to
disambiguate between aliases with the same name from different catalogs.
You can list the available catalogs by running:
jbang catalog list
NB: The output will not only show the catalogs you defined yourself but also the ones that get added implicitly when running aliases as described in the section Implicit Alias Catalogs.